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SOURCE: CAPRI

This rapid evidence assessment published by Department for International Development seeks to address the question of which policies and interventions or approaches have been successful in fostering compliance with legitimate land tenure rights and what impact these strategies have had on development outcomes. These policies and interventions include among others: freehold ownership through formal titling, community land trusts and communal or customary ownership

The assessment identified 113 relevant publications. Overall, the literature reviewed provided mixed evidence of a link between the tenure strategies and positive development outcomes. No single policy, approach or intervention can, alone, meet the diversity of current and projected needs for tenure and property rights within any given country.

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SOURCE: IIED

The spread and deepening of economic globalisation has highlighted the ever closer connections between the international legal arrangements for the governance of the global economy on the one hand, and claims to land and natural resources on the other. In a globalised world, land governance is shaped by international as well as national regulation. As pressures on valuable lands intensify and land relations become more transnationalised, increasing recourse to international investment treaties is redesigning spaces for land claims at local and national levels.

This report sheds light on how investment treaties can affect land rights. It finds that investment treaties can have far-reaching implications for land reform, for public action to address “land grabbing” and more generally for land governance frameworks. The report also charts directions for socio-legal research to explore how investment treaties are affecting land rights on the ground.

This paper has been produced under IIED’s Legal tools for citizen empowerment project.

Download here

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SOURCE: GLOBAL WITNESS

Global Witness has been documenting the Papua New Guinea government’s failed response to one of the largest land grabs in modern history. In recent years roughly 12 per cent of the country has been annexed to timber and palm oil companies using a leasing system intended for small-scale agriculture. Three years after a national inquiry was launched into allegations of widespread fraud and illegality surrounding the acquisition of this land, the government has taken no meaningful action to defend its citizen’s rights to their land and halt the wholesale destruction of rainforests of global importance.

Our briefing paper documents:

  • Government inaction – The government has failed to stop any logging operations under Special Agriculture & Business Leases, even where an official investigation recommended they be cancelled.
  • Breakdown in law and order – Logging and exports continue unabated and with the support of local police and forest authorities in the one operational Special Agriculture & Business Lease the government has cancelled.
  • Failure to complete review of leases – More than three years after committing to review the legality of these leases, around 40% have not been reviewed, including the three largest timber exporting operations.
  • More logging authorized – The National Forest Board continues to issue and renew permits to log and clear rainforest under this leasing system, ignoring community complaints and the government’s own decision to repeal it.
  • Timber grabbing – Many Special Agriculture & Business Leases have been used for industrial logging rather than their intended purpose to promote agricultural development. These leases now account for nearly a third of the country’s total log exports, with an export value of roughly US$100 million a year.
  • Total impunity – No government officials or companies involved in the abuse of these leases have been prosecuted or sanctioned where evidence of criminality or negligence was uncovered by an official investigation.

Briefing paper available here: https://www.globalwitness.org/documents/10526/png_brief.pdf

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SOURCE: CIVICUS

This document was compiled following analysis of CIVICUS’ bimonthly Civil Society Watch reports, and additional monitoring by national and international civil society organisations who are members of the CIVICUS alliance.

Find the full report here: http://www.civicus.org/images/CIVICUSCivilSocietyWatchReport2015.pdf

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SOURCE: ILC

In 2015, the International Land Coalition will turn 20. In these two decades, the members of the coalition have significantly advanced the coalition’s mission to promote secure and equitable access to and control over land for poor women and men through advocacy, dialogue, knowledge sharing, and capacity building.

To celebrate and give global visibility to the work of its members, the coalition will present on the occasion of the Global Land Forum in Dakar in May 2015, the International Land Coalition Award to an ILC member that  has contributed in an outstanding manner towards land that is governed for and with people.

Between May and August 2014, ILC members were given the opportunity to submit success stories on how they promoted or advanced people-centred land governance. From the 75 success stories received, a selection committee of ILC members has nominated nine success stories – one for each ILC commitment on people-centred land governance.

Presenting the 2015 Nominees:

Commitment 1: Support to landless people to apply for formal access to public ‘khas’ land

Commitment 2:  A 20-year struggle to benefit from the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program

Commitment 3: Formal agreement on communal pastureland increases household income by up to 56%

Commitment 4: Using Gender Evaluation Criteria (GEC) to assess laws and raise awareness in Togo

Commitment 5: Participatory mapping/tripartite dialogue lead to tenure security in Cameroon

Commitment 6: Engaging local communities in forest ecosystem co‑management

Commitment 7: Dialogue between indigenous peoples, criollo settlers and the state resolves land conflict

Commitment 8: Global Campaign Presses Food and Beverage Companies to Respect Land Rights

Commitment 9: Strong Communal Land Associations claim compensations for investments in their territories 

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SOURCE: European Commission

LARGE-SCALE LAND GRABBING IN CAMBODIA: FAILURE OF INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL POLICIES TO SECURE THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLES’ RIGHTS TO ACCESS LAND AND RESOURCES

Paper prepared for presentation at the ” 2015 World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty” by Ratana Pen and Phalla Chea from the Heinrich Boell Foundation Cambodia.

For more information: http://kh.boell.org/en/2015/03/25/large-scale-land-grabbing-cambodia-fai…

Filetype: pdf
Filesize: 2.2 MB

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SOURCE: FAO

Learn more about the different factors that relate to gender inequalities embedded in land rights by exploring the country profiles, gender and land-related statistics and the recently-developed legislation assessment tool (LAT).

COUNTRY PROFILES
This database analyses the extent to which national legal frameworks and policies and programmes support the advancement of women or induce gender-differentiated access to land in 83 countries+MORE

GENDER AND LAND-RELATED STATISTICS

Land-related statistics disaggregated by gender, including the share of men and women who are agricultural holders. Access the statistics through the search tool or the interactive map. +MORE

THE LEGISLATION ASSESSMENT TOOL (LAT)

To provide prompt, targeted and effective policy advice. Based on the legal information of the country profiles, the LAT assigns scores to 30 legal indicators to identify areas where action is required and advance gender-equitable land tenure. +MORE

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